Prematurity or Infant Mortality

  • Premature births are the direct cause for half of infants who die in the first month of life and 95% percent of those who are delivered before the 32nd week of pregnancy, according to the report in September 2006’s Journal of Pediatrics.
  • Preterm birth accounts for 12.5% of all births in the US and 75% of the prenatal mortality and childhood disabilities.
  • The average initial hospital cost for a premature newborn is over $78,000; for a healthy newborn, the cost averages $1,300! The average cost for a very low birth weight newborn is over $200,000!
  • Preterm birth is the leading reason for extended NICU and associated PICU length of stays.
  • African-American women had an average prematurity rate of 18.8% in Illinois in 2005.
  • Preterm birth is not one disease for which there is likely to be one solution or cure.
  • It consists of a complex cluster of problems with an interrelated set of factors that influence the outcome.
  • This complexity makes detection of solutions difficult.
  • Causes are multiple and vary for different populations.
  • There is no “Silver Bullet”!